Central Asia Temperature and Precipitation Data, 1879-2003

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Entry ID

G02174

Summary

This data set updates and expands the NOAA Global Historical Climate Network (GHCN) of quality controlled meteorological records, focusing on the Northern Tien Shan and Pamir Mountain Ranges of Central Asia. It is compiled primarily from meteorological measurements conducted by the National Hydrometeorological Services (NHMS) of the Central Asian countries. Precipitation data are monthly sums bias corrected for gauge type and for wetting, but not for wind. The correction factors, K1 for gauge type, K2 for wind, and K3 for wetting, are included as separate files. Temperature data are monthly means, for example, the mean of daily temperatures for that month, where daily temperature is defined as the average of all observations for each calendar day. For many stations, average maximum and average minimum temperature are supplied as well. These are derived from daily maximum and minimum temperatures. The station metadata for this data set are station histories, population, vegetation, and topography. Data were subjected to rigorous quality control and homogenieity assessment procedures, consistent with those used for the GHCN.

There are records from 298 stations. The period of record covered by each station is variable, and in the period from 1985 to 1995, there was a sharp reduction in the number of operating stations. The earliest record is from 1879. Records are updated through 2003 where data are available. Most stations have almost 100 years of observations. Records are from stations in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

The data are stored as tab-delimited ASCII text format, Microsoft Excel, and PDF, and are availabe via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 50°     S: 35°     E: 85°     W: 55°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Williams, M. W. and V. G. Konovalov.
Dataset Title: Central Asia Temperature and Precipitation Data, 1879-2003
Dataset Release Date: 2008-02-18
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02174.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5NK3BZ8

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1879-01-01
Stop Date: 2003-12-31

Data Resolution

Temporal Resolution: 1 mon

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA KAZAKHSTAN
  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA KYRGYZSTAN
  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA TAJIKISTAN
  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA TURKMENISTAN
  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA UZBEKISTAN

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Precipitation Precipitation Amount

Ancillary Keywords

  • NOAA

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS

Instrument

  • RAIN GAUGES
  • THERMOMETERS

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: Microsoft Excel

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: PDF

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

M W Williams
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309
Country: USA

Vladimir G. Konovalov
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Central Asian Hydrometeorological Research Institute
  • 72 K. Makhsumov Street

City: Tashkent
Postal Code: 700052
Country: Uzbekistan

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Precipitation Data Set Station Lists and Overlap Analysis

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Daily precipitation sums at coastal and island Russian Arctic stations, 1940-1990

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Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas

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Meteorological Data from the Russian Arctic, 1961-2000

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Monthly mean precipitation sums at Russian Arctic stations, 1966-1990

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Monthly Mean Precipitation Sums at Russian Arctic Stations, 1966-1990

Reference

Easterling, David R., Thomas C. Peterson, and Thomas R. Karl, 1996: On the development and use of homogenized climate data sets. Journal of Climate, 9: 1429-1434.

Groisman, P.Y. and E.Y. Rankova. 2001. Precipitation trends over the Russian permafrost-free zone: removing the artifacts of pre-processing. International Journal of Climate 21: 657-678.

Groisman, P.Y., V.V. Koknaeva, T.A. Belokrylova, and T.R. Karl. 1991. Overcoming biases of precipitation measurement: A history of the USSR experience. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society pp. 1725-1733.

Jones, P.D. and A. Moberg. 2003. Hemispheric and large-scale surface air temperature variations: An extensive revision and an update to 2001. Journal of Climate 16 (2): 206-223.

Legates, D.R., and C.J. Willmott, Mean seasonal and spatial variability in gauge-corrected, global precipitation. 1990. International Journal of Climatology, 10 (1): 111-1270.

Nastavlenie gidrometeorologicheskim stantsyyam i postam. Vypusk 3, chast’ 1. (Manual for hydrometeorological stations and posts. Iss.3, part 1). 1985. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad. 300 pp.

Peterson, T.C., and R.S. Vose, 1997: An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network temperature database. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78 (12): 2837-2849. (PDF Version available at http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/)

Peterson, T.C., R. Vose, R. Schmoyer, and V. Razuvaev, 1998: Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) quality control of monthly temperature data. International Journal of Climatology, 18 (11): 1169-1179.

Williams, M.W. and V.G. Konovalov, 2005. GHCN: Regional Data Base on Climate of Central Asia v.1.0., unpublished document.

Vose, R. S., Richard L. Schmoyer, Peter M. Steurer, Thomas C. Peterson, Richard Heim, Thomas R. Karl, and J. Eischeid, 1992: The Global Historical Climatology Network: long-term monthly temperature, precipitation, sea level pressure, and station pressure data. ORNL/CDIAC-53, NDP-041. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2008-02-18
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-12

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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