Entry_ID: G02170
Entry_Title: Monthly Mean Precipitation Sums at Russian Arctic Stations, 1966-1990
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: National Snow and Ice Data Center (comp.). 
   Dataset_Title: Monthly Mean Precipitation Sums at Russian Arctic Stations, 1966-1990
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2006-08-29
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02170.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N55H7D6Q
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Valery
   Last_Name: Vuglinsky
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: State Hydrological Institute,
      Address: St. Petersburg, Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Precipitation
   Variable_Level_1: Precipitation Amount
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: Arctic
Keyword: NOAA
Keyword: Russian Arctic
Keyword: SEARCH > Study of Environmental Arctic Change
Sensor_Name: RAIN GAUGES
Source_Name: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1966-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1990-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 50.17
   Northernmost_Latitude: 69.77
   Westernmost_Longitude: 38.25
   Easternmost_Longitude: 164.17
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: EUROPE
   Location_Subregion1: EASTERN EUROPE
   Location_Subregion2: RUSSIA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: ARCTIC
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
End_Group
Group: Data_Resolution
   Temporal_Resolution: 1 mon
End_Group
Group: Quality

   The precipitation data were transferred to NSIDC from the State Hydrological 
   Institute in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation by V. Vuglinsky. The original 
   precipitation data were written records, prepared by regional 
   hydrometeorological authorities. Editors at the regional hydrometeorological 
   authorities quality control data before publishing the data in monthly 
   precipitation bulletins. Because the data were transcribed (keyed) at the 
   State Hydrological Institute, the data are subject to transcription errors. 
   NSIDC did not perform a quality assessment on the precipitation data. 

   Users should note that precipitation sums for certain months are missing from 
   some stations. Reasons for the missing sums include that certain stations had 
   closed, there were gaps in the observations, the quality of the data was poor 
   or a data value was lost during transmission. A file containing the missing 
   values is available. Note that not every precipitation file was exhaustively 
   checked. Therefore, there may be missing precipitation values that are not 
   listed in the missing values file.

   Measuring arctic precipitation accurately is difficult. Users of these data 
   should first become familiar with error sources inherent in all arctic 
   precipitation measurements. We strongly suggest consulting Groisman and 
   Rankova (2001) and Groisman et al. (1991) and references contained therein, 
   and the documentation on gridded precipitation fields in Arctic Climatology 
   Project (2000) for an introduction to precipitation measurement issues.

End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA @ NSIDC > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 13 to 64 KB
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic 
   Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov. Boulder, 
   CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

   Groisman, P. Y. and E. Y. Rankova. 2001. Precipitation trends over the Russian 
   permafrost-free zone: removing the artifacts of pre-processing. International 
   Journal of Climate 21: 657-678.   Groisman, P. Y., V. V. Koknaeva, T. A. 
   Belokrylova, and T. R. Karl. 1991. Overcoming biases of precipitation 
   measurement: A history of the USSR experience. Bulletin of American 
   Meteorological Society pp. 1725-1733.  Nastavlenie gidrometeorologicheskim 
   stantsyyam i postam. Vypusk 3, chastÂ’ 1. (Manual for hydrometeorological 
   stations and posts. Iss.3, part 1). 1985. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad. 300 pp.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This data set contains monthly mean precipitation sums from Russian arctic 
   stations. Precipitation measurements were acquired using a Tretyakov 
   precipitation gauge. Data have not been adjusted for wind bias. Data from 1967 
   and later are corrected for wetting loss (this correction was made by 
   observers as they recorded the station data). Precipitation measurements from 
   216 stations are available. An analysis of existing precipitation data sets 
   confirmed that data from these stations are not, at the time of publication, 
   available in other commonly used precipitation data sets. Most data records 
   begin in 1966 and end in 1990. The data are in tab-delimited ASCII format and 
   available via FTP.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/search/precipitation_station_analysis/
   Description: Precipitation Data Set Station Lists and Overlap Analysis
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/search/precipitation_station_analysis/index.html
   Description: Precipitation Data Set Station Lists and Overlap Analysis
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02164.html
   Group: Description

      Daily precipitation sums at coastal and island Russian Arctic stations, 
      1940-1990

   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02164.html
   Group: Description

      Daily Precipitation Sums at Coastal and Island Russian Arctic Stations, 
      1940-1990

   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g01938.html
   Description: Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02141.html
   Description: Meteorological Data from the Russian Arctic, 1961-2000
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2006-08-29
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-03-12
DIF_Revision_History:  Added DOI to metadata record