Monthly Mean Precipitation Sums at Russian Arctic Stations, 1966-1990

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Entry ID

G02170

Summary

This data set contains monthly mean precipitation sums from Russian arctic stations. Precipitation measurements were acquired using a Tretyakov precipitation gauge. Data have not been adjusted for wind bias. Data from 1967 and later are corrected for wetting loss (this correction was made by observers as they recorded the station data). Precipitation measurements from 216 stations are available. An analysis of existing precipitation data sets confirmed that data from these stations are not, at the time of publication, available in other commonly used precipitation data sets. Most data records begin in 1966 and end in 1990. The data are in tab-delimited ASCII format and available via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 69.77°     S: 50.17°     E: 164.17°     W: 38.25°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: National Snow and Ice Data Center (comp.).
Dataset Title: Monthly Mean Precipitation Sums at Russian Arctic Stations, 1966-1990
Dataset Release Date: 2006-08-29
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02170.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N55H7D6Q

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1966-01-01
Stop Date: 1990-12-31

Data Resolution

Temporal Resolution: 1 mon

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT EUROPE EASTERN EUROPE RUSSIA
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION ARCTIC
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION NORTHERN HEMISPHERE

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Precipitation Precipitation Amount

Ancillary Keywords

  • Arctic
  • NOAA
  • Russian Arctic
  • SEARCH > Study of Environmental Arctic Change

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS

Instrument

  • RAIN GAUGES

Quality

The precipitation data were transferred to NSIDC from the State Hydrological Institute in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation by V. Vuglinsky. The original precipitation data were written records, prepared by regional hydrometeorological authorities. Editors at the regional hydrometeorological authorities quality control data before publishing the data in monthly precipitation bulletins. Because the data were transcribed (keyed) at the State Hydrological Institute, the data are subject to transcription errors. NSIDC did not perform a quality assessment on the precipitation data.

Users should note that precipitation sums for certain months are missing from some stations. Reasons for the missing sums include that certain stations had closed, there were gaps in the observations, the quality of the data was poor or a data value was lost during transmission. A file containing the missing values is available. Note that not every precipitation file was exhaustively checked. Therefore, there may be missing precipitation values that are not listed in the missing values file.

Measuring arctic precipitation accurately is difficult. Users of these data should first become familiar with error sources inherent in all arctic precipitation measurements. We strongly suggest consulting Groisman and Rankova (2001) and Groisman et al. (1991) and references contained therein, and the documentation on gridded precipitation fields in Arctic Climatology Project (2000) for an introduction to precipitation measurement issues.

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 13 to 64 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Valery Vuglinsky
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • State Hydrological Institute,
  • St. Petersburg, Russia

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Precipitation Data Set Station Lists and Overlap Analysis

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Precipitation Data Set Station Lists and Overlap Analysis

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Daily precipitation sums at coastal and island Russian Arctic stations, 1940-1990

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Daily Precipitation Sums at Coastal and Island Russian Arctic Stations, 1940-1990

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Meteorological Data from the Russian Arctic, 1961-2000

Reference

Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Groisman, P. Y. and E. Y. Rankova. 2001. Precipitation trends over the Russian permafrost-free zone: removing the artifacts of pre-processing. International Journal of Climate 21: 657-678. Groisman, P. Y., V. V. Koknaeva, T. A. Belokrylova, and T. R. Karl. 1991. Overcoming biases of precipitation measurement: A history of the USSR experience. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society pp. 1725-1733. Nastavlenie gidrometeorologicheskim stantsyyam i postam. Vypusk 3, chast’ 1. (Manual for hydrometeorological stations and posts. Iss.3, part 1). 1985. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad. 300 pp.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2006-08-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-12

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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