Entry_ID: G02140
Entry_Title: Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: National Snow and Ice Data Center.  Compiled by I. P. Romanov. 
   Dataset_Title: Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2004-03-17
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02140.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5B8562T
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Ilya
   Middle_Name: P.
   Last_Name: Romanov
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Deformation
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Depth/Thickness
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Floes
   Detailed_Variable: Length
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Floes
   Detailed_Variable: Width
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Roughness
   Detailed_Variable: Hummocks
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Sea Ice Elevation
   Detailed_Variable: Hummocks
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Density
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Deformation
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Depth/Thickness
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Floes
   Detailed_Variable: Length
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Floes
   Detailed_Variable: Width
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Roughness
   Detailed_Variable: Hummocks
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Sea Ice Elevation
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Density
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
ISO_Topic_Category: Oceans
Keyword: Aircraft
Keyword: Arctic Basin
Keyword: Arctic Sea Ice
Keyword: g02140
Keyword: NOAA
Keyword: North Pole
Keyword: North Pole drifting station
Keyword: Sever
Sensor_Name: SNOW MEASURING ROD
Source_Name: AIRCRAFT
Source_Name: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Source_Name: MOORINGS
Source_Name: OCEAN PLATFORMS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1928-06-01
   Stop_Date: 1989-05-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 64
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: EUROPE
   Location_Subregion1: EASTERN EUROPE
   Location_Subregion2: RUSSIA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: ARCTIC
   Detailed_Location: ARCTIC BASIN
End_Group
Group: Quality

   Each parameter was examined for extreme values by plotting all values and 
   visually scanning for obvious outliers. These values were then investigated to 
   determine the nature of the error. Extreme values were rare. The four outlying 
   ice and snow parameters were replaced with the value for missing data. Some 
   runway length, runway width, floe length, and floe width parameters have 
   values of 9999 and -1. Values of -1 indicate missing data, but the meaning of 
   9999 values is unclear.

End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Originating_Center: NSIDC
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 0.45 to 30 KB
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Joint 
   U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas. Edited by F. Tanis and V. Smolyanitsky. Ann Arbor, 
   MI: Environmental Research Institute of Michigan in association with the 
   National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

   Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic 
   Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov. Boulder, 
   CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

   Borodachev, V.E. and V. I. Shilnikov. 2002. Istoriya Ledovoi Aviatsionnoi 
   Razvedki v Arktike i na Zamerzayushchikh Moryakh Rossii (1914-1993) (The 
   History of Aerial Ice Reconnaissance in the Arctic and Ice-covered Seas of 
   Russia, 1914-1993). Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
   441 pp. ISBN 5-286-01448-8.

   Romanov, I.P. 1979. Sizes of Ice Fields. Trans. POLEX-Sever-76. 
   Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. pp. 11-115.

   Romanov, I.P. 1993. Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic 
   Basin. First edition. Self-published. St. Petersburg, Russia.

   Romanov, I.P. 1995. Atlas of Ice and Snow of the Arctic Basin and Siberian 
   Shelf Seas. Dr. Alfred Tunik, translator and editor. Second edition of atlas 
   and monograph. Revised and expanded. ISBN 0-9644311-3-0. Backbone Publishing 
   Company.  Rukovodstvo po proizvodstvu ledovoy aviarazvedki (Handbook for 
   conducting airborne ice reconnaissance). 1981. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing 
   House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 240 pp.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft 
   landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and 
   North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual 
   Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 
   1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) 
   Sever expedition finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice 
   data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements 
   (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were 
   accomplished each year.  The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, 
   including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; 
   ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. 
   The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness 
   measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those 
   used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the 
   Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by 
   Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the 
   National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g01938.html
   Description: Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g01962.html
   Description: Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2004-03-17
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-03-07
DIF_Revision_History:  Added DOI