Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989

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Entry ID

G02140

Summary

This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) Sever expedition finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were accomplished each year. The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 90°     S: 64°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Compiled by I. P. Romanov.
Dataset Title: Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
Dataset Release Date: 2004-03-17
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02140.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5B8562T

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1928-06-01
Stop Date: 1989-05-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT EUROPE EASTERN EUROPE RUSSIA
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION ARCTIC ARCTIC BASIN

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Ice Deformation
  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Ice Floes Length
  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Ice Floes Width
  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Ice Roughness Hummocks
  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Sea Ice Elevation Hummocks
  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Snow Depth
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Density
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Oceans Sea Ice Ice Deformation
  • Oceans Sea Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Oceans Sea Ice Ice Floes Length
  • Oceans Sea Ice Ice Floes Width
  • Oceans Sea Ice Ice Roughness Hummocks
  • Oceans Sea Ice Sea Ice Elevation
  • Oceans Sea Ice Snow Depth
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Density
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth

Ancillary Keywords

  • Aircraft
  • Arctic Basin
  • Arctic Sea Ice
  • g02140
  • NOAA
  • North Pole
  • North Pole drifting station
  • Sever

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
  • Oceans

Platform

  • AIRCRAFT
  • GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
  • MOORINGS
  • OCEAN PLATFORMS

Instrument

  • SNOW MEASURING ROD

Quality

Each parameter was examined for extreme values by plotting all values and visually scanning for obvious outliers. These values were then investigated to determine the nature of the error. Extreme values were rare. The four outlying ice and snow parameters were replaced with the value for missing data. Some runway length, runway width, floe length, and floe width parameters have values of 9999 and -1. Values of -1 indicate missing data, but the meaning of 9999 values is unclear.

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

NSIDC

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 0.45 to 30 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Ilya P. Romanov
Role: INVESTIGATOR

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas

Reference

Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas. Edited by F. Tanis and V. Smolyanitsky. Ann Arbor, MI: Environmental Research Institute of Michigan in association with the National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Borodachev, V.E. and V. I. Shilnikov. 2002. Istoriya Ledovoi Aviatsionnoi Razvedki v Arktike i na Zamerzayushchikh Moryakh Rossii (1914-1993) (The History of Aerial Ice Reconnaissance in the Arctic and Ice-covered Seas of Russia, 1914-1993). Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 441 pp. ISBN 5-286-01448-8.

Romanov, I.P. 1979. Sizes of Ice Fields. Trans. POLEX-Sever-76. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. pp. 11-115.

Romanov, I.P. 1993. Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin. First edition. Self-published. St. Petersburg, Russia.

Romanov, I.P. 1995. Atlas of Ice and Snow of the Arctic Basin and Siberian Shelf Seas. Dr. Alfred Tunik, translator and editor. Second edition of atlas and monograph. Revised and expanded. ISBN 0-9644311-3-0. Backbone Publishing Company. Rukovodstvo po proizvodstvu ledovoy aviarazvedki (Handbook for conducting airborne ice reconnaissance). 1981. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 240 pp.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2004-03-17
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-07

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