Entry_ID: G01170
Entry_Title: Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys, 1966-1996
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Krenke, A.  Edited by National Snow and Ice Data Center. 
   Dataset_Title: Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys, 1966-1996
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1998-01-01updated 2004
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g01170.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N58C9T60
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Richard
   Last_Name: Armstrong
   Email: rlax@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: Colorado
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Alexander
   Last_Name: Krenke
   Email: climat@glas.apr.org
   Phone: 7  095 923-28-89 
   Fax: 7   095 938-21-73 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography
      Address: Laboratory of Dynamical and Historical Climatology
      Address: Staromonetny 29
      Address: Moscow, 109017
      Address: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Alexander
   Last_Name: Krenke
   Email: climat@glas.apr.org
   Phone: 7  095 923-28-89 
   Fax: 7   095 938-21-73 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography
      Address: Laboratory of Dynamical and Historical Climatology
      Address: Staromonetny 29
      Address: Moscow, 109017
      Address: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Cover
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Density
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Water Equivalent
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Cover
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Density
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Water Equivalent
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Sensor_Name: SNOW MEASURING ROD
Sensor_Name: WET/DRY PRECIPITATION SAMPLERS
Source_Name: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1966-01-10
   Stop_Date: 1996-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 35
   Northernmost_Latitude: 80
   Westernmost_Longitude: 30
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: EUROPE
   Location_Subregion1: EASTERN EUROPE
   Location_Subregion2: RUSSIA
   Detailed_Location: FORMER SOVIET UNION
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: POLAR
End_Group
Group: Quality

   The Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys underwent a quality control 
   process at NSIDC. This process involved examination of values with regards to 
   normal climatological values and various bounding values. The dataset was also 
   examined for individual record consistency.

End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
End_Group
Group: Summary

   The Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys are based on observations 
   made by personnel at 1,345 sites throughout the Former Soviet Union between 
   1966 and 1990, and over 200 of those sites between 1991 and 1996. These 
   observations include snow depths at World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 
   stations and snow depth and snow water equivalent measured over a nearby snow 
   course transect. The station snow depth measurements are a ten-day average of 
   individual snow depth measurements. The transect snow depth data are the 
   spatial average of 100 to 200 individual measuring points. The transect snow 
   water equivalent is the spatial average of 20 individual measuring points. 
   Data were acquired from the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of 
   Sciences Moscow, and data were digitized in Russia under the supervision of 
   Professor Alexander Krenke.

   The development of this data set was funded by the NOAA Environmental  
   Services, Data, and Information Management (ESDIM) program through the 
   NOAA/NESDIS National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC).

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/swe
   Description: Snow Water Equivalent Field Measurements
End_Group
IDN_Node: USA/NOAA
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1998-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-11-19
DIF_Revision_History: Added DOI