Entry_ID: MOD10A1
Entry_Title: MODIS/Terra Snow Cover Daily L3 Global 500m Grid
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Hall, D. K., V. V. Salomonson, and G. A. Riggs. 
   Dataset_Title: MODIS/Terra Snow Cover Daily L3 Global 500m Grid
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2006-12-18
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC DAAC: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Version: 5
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/mod10a1.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Dorothy
   Middle_Name: K.
   Last_Name: Hall
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
      Address: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
      Address: Mail stop 614.1
      City: Greenbelt
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20771
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Vince
   Middle_Name: V.
   Last_Name: Salomonson
   Email: vincent.salomonson@utah.edu
   Phone: 1 801 585-9492 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Utah
      Address: Department of Meteorology
      Address: University of Utah
      Address: Department of Meteorology
      Address: 135 S 1460 E, Rm 809
      City: Salt Lake City
      Province_or_State: UT
      Postal_Code: 84112
      Country: US
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: George
   Middle_Name: A.
   Last_Name: Riggs
   Email: George.A.Riggs@nasa.gov
   Phone: 1 301 614-5650 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
      Address: Science Systems and Applications, Inc.
      Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
      Address: Science Systems and Applications, Inc.
      Address: Code 614.1
      City: Greenbelt
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20771
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Albedo
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Lake Ice
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Cover
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Albedo
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Lake Ice
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Cover
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Imagery/Base Maps/Earth Cover
Keyword: Antarctic
Keyword: Arctic
Keyword: Climatology
Keyword: DAAC
Keyword: ECS
Keyword: EOSDIS
Keyword: Global Change
Keyword: Gridded
Keyword: Integerized Sinusoidal Grid
Keyword: Lake Ice
Keyword: NASA
Keyword: NSIDC
Keyword: Polar
Keyword: Remote Sensing
Keyword: Sinusoidal Grid
Keyword: Snow
Keyword: Snow Cover
Keyword: Snow On Ice
Sensor_Name: MODIS > Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
Sensor_Name: SPECTRORADIOMETERS
Source_Name: TERRA > Earth Observing System, TERRA (AM-1)
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 2000-02-24
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -90
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: GLOBAL LAND
End_Group
Group: Data_Resolution
   Latitude_Resolution: 500 m
   Longitude_Resolution: 500 m
   Temporal_Resolution: 1 day
End_Group
Project: EOSDIS > Earth Observing System Data Information System
Project: ESIP > Earth Science Information Partners Program
Group: Quality

   Quality indicators for MODIS snow data can be found in the following three 
   places:

       * AutomaticQualityFlag and the ScienceQualityFlag metadata objects and 
   their corresponding explanations: AutomaticQualityFlagExplanation and 
   ScienceQualityFlagExplanation located in the CoreMetadata.0 global attributes  
   * Custom local attributes associated with each SDS, for example, snow cover * 
   Snow Spatial QA field.

   These quality indicators are generated during production or in post-production 
   scientific and quality checks of the data product. For more information on 
   local and global attributes, go to one of the following links:

   * MOD10A1 and MYD10A1 Local Snow Cover Attributes, Version 5     * MOD10A1 and 
   MYD10A1 Global Snow Cover Attributes, Version 5

   The AutomaticQualityFlag is automatically set according to conditions for 
   meeting data criteria in the snow mapping algorithm. In most cases, the flag 
   is set to either Passed or Suspect, and in rare instances, it may be set to 
   Failed. Suspect means that a significant percentage of the data were anomalous 
   and that further analysis should be done to determine the source of anomalies. 
   The AutomaticQualityFlagExplanation contains a brief message explaining the 
   reason for the setting of the AutomaticQualityFlag. The ScienceQualityFlag and 
   the ScienceQualityFlagExplanation maybe updated after production, either after 
   an automated QA program is run or after the data product is inspected by a 
   qualified snow scientist. Content and explanation of this flag are dynamic so 
   it should always be examined if present in the external metadata file.

   The algorithm tests for a variety of anomalous conditions and sets the pixel 
   value accordingly if such conditions are detected. Summary statistics about 
   missing data, the percent cloud cover, the percent of good or other quality 
   data, and snow cover percent are calculated and placed in the metadata for 
   each product. The Snow Spatial QA data field provides additional information 
   on algorithm results for each pixel within a spatial context, and is used as a 
   measure of usefulness for snow-cover data. The QA information tells if 
   algorithm results were nominal, abnormal, or if other defined conditions were 
   encountered for a pixel (Riggs, Hall, and Salomonson 2006).

   The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: MODIS Land Quality Assessment Web site 
   provides updated quality information for each product.

End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NASA DAAC > NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 0.8 - 6.7 MB
   Distribution_Format: HDF-EOS
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 0.8 - 6.7 MB
   Distribution_Format: Geographic Tagged Image File Format (GeoTIFF) (.geotiff)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Diner, D. J., J. V. Martonchik, C. Borel, S. A. W. Gerstl, H. R. Gordon, Y. 
   Knyazikhin, R. Myneni, B. Pinty, and M. M. Verstraete. 1999. MISR Level-2 
   Surface Retrieval Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document. Pasadena, CA: Jet 
   Propulsion Laboratory.

   
Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS). 1996. EOS Ground System 
   (EGS) Systems and Operations Concept. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight 
   Center.

   
Greuell, W. and Oerlemans, J. (2005). Validation of AVHRR- and MODIS-Derived 
   Albedos of Snow and Ice Surfaces by Means of Helicopter Measurements. Journal 
   of Glaciology, 51(172):37-48.

   
Hall, Dorothy K., George A. Riggs, and Vincent V. Salomonson. September 
   2001a. Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) for the MODIS Snow-, Lake 
   Ice- and Sea Ice-Mapping Algorithms. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center.

   
Hall, Dorothy K. and J. Martinec. 1985. Remote Sensing of Ice and Snow. 
   London: Chapman and Hall.

   
Hall, Dorothy K., J. L. Foster, D. L. Verbyla, A. G. Klein, and C. S. Benson. 
   1998. Assessment of Snow Cover Mapping Accuracy in a Variety of Vegetation 
   Cover Densities in Central Alaska. Remote Sensing of the Environment 
   66:129-137. Hall, DorothyK., J. L. Foster, Vincent V. Salomonson, A. G. Klein, 
   and J. Y. L. Chien. 2001b. Development of a Technique to Assess Snow-Cover 
   Mapping Accuracy From Space. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote 
   Sensing 39(2):232-238. Hall, Dorothy K. and George A. Riggs. 2006. Assessment 
   of Errors in the MODIS Suite of Snow-Cover Products. Hydrological Processes, 
   in press.

   
Hapke, B. 1993. Theory of Reflectance and Emittance Spectroscopy. Cambridge: 
   Cambridge University Press.

   
Justice, C. O. 2002. An Overview of MODIS Land Data Processing and Product 
   Status. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 83(1):3-15. Klein, A. MODIS Snow 
   Albedo Prototype. 2003.

   
Klein, A. G., and Julienne Stroeve. 2002. Development and Validation of a 
   Snow Albedo Algorithm for the MODIS Instrument. Annals of Glaciology 34:45-52.

   
Klein, A. G., Dorothy K. Hall, and George A. Riggs. 1998. Improving 
   Snow-Cover Mapping in Forests Through the Use of a Canopy Reflectance Model. 
   Hydrologic Processes 12(10-11):1723-1744.

   
Markham, B. L. and J. L. Barker. 1986. Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) 
   and Thematic Mapper (TM) Post-Calibration Dynamic Ranges, Exoatmospheric 
   Reflectances and At-Satellite Temperatures. EOSAT Technical Notes 1:3-8.

   
MODIS Characterization and Support Team (MCST). 2000. MODIS Level-1B Product 
   User's Guide for Level-1B Version 2.3.x Release 2. MCST Document 
   #MCM-PUG-01-U-DNCN.

   

   Painter, Thomas H. and Dozier, J. 2004. Measurements of the Hemispherical 
   Directional Reflectance of Snow at Fine Spectral and Angular Resolution. 
   Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109(D18):D18115. 
   doi:10.1029/2003JD004458. Pearson II, F. 1990. Map Projections: Theory and 
   Applications. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press, Inc.

   
Riggs, George A., Dorothy K. Hall, and Vincent V. Salomonson. December 2006. 
   MODIS Snow Products User Guide to Collection 5. PDF 
   http://nsidc.org/data/docs/daac/modis_v5/dorothy_snow_doc.pdf. 3 MB.

   
Riggs, George A., Dorothy K. Hall, and Vincent V. Salomonson. Updated October 
   2006. MODIS Snow Products User Guide for Collection 4 Data Products.

   
Stroeve, Julienne, A. Nolin, and K. Steffen. 1997. Comparison of 
   AVHRR-Derived and In Situ Surface Albedo Over the Greenland Ice Sheet. Remote 
   Sensing of the Environment, 62:262-276.

   
Stroeve, Julienne A., J. E. Box, Terry Haran. 2006. Evaluation of the MODIS 
   (MOD10A1) Daily Snow Albedo Product Over the Greenland Ice Sheet. Remote 
   Sensing of the Environment, 105:155-171.

   
United States Geological Survey. 'Sinusoidal Equal Area.' Map Projections. 
   2003. http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/MapProjections/projections.html#sinusoidal

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The MODIS/Terra Snow Cover Daily L3 Global 500m Grid (MOD10A1) contains snow 
   cover, snow albedo, fractional snow cover, and Quality Assessment (QA) data in 
   compressed Hierarchical Data Format-Earth Observing System (HDF-EOS) format 
   along with corresponding metadata. MOD10A1 consists of 1200 km by 1200 km 
   tiles of 500 m resolution data gridded in a sinusoidal map projection. The 
   Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) snow cover data are 
   based on a snow mapping algorithm that employs a Normalized Difference Snow 
   Index (NDSI) and other criteria tests.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/modis/
   Description: MODIS Data at NSIDC
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2006-12-18
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2014-11-14
DIF_Revision_History: Updated Data Citation publisher to NSIDC DAAC.