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GLAS/ICESat L1A Global Atmosphere Data

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Entry ID

GLA02

Summary

The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) instrument on the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) provides global measurements of polar ice sheet elevation to discern changes in ice volume (mass balance) over time. Secondary objectives of GLAS are to measure sea ice roughness and thickness, cloud and atmospheric properties, land topography, vegetation canopy heights, ocean surface topography, and surface reflectivity.

GLAS has a 1064 nm laser channel for surface altimetry and dense cloud heights, and a 532 nm lidar channel for the vertical distribution of clouds and aerosols.

Level-1A atmospheric data (GLA02) include the normalized relative backscatter for the 532 nm and 1064 nm channels, and low-level instrument corrections such as laser energy (1064 nm and 532 nm), photon coincidence (532 nm), and detector gain correction (1064 nm).

Each data granule has an associated browse product that users can quickly view to determine the general quality of the data in the granule. Browse products consist of image plots of key parameters and statistics. Data are in scaled integer binary format, big-endian (Unix) byte order, and are available via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 86°     S: -86°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Zwally, H., R. Schutz, W. Hart, D. Hlavka, S. Palm, J. Spinhirne, and E. Welton.
Dataset Title: GLAS/ICESat L1A Global Atmosphere Data
Dataset Release Date: 2011-08-11
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 33
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/gla02.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 2003-02-20
Stop Date: 2009-10-11

Location Keywords

  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION GLOBAL

Science Keywords

  • Spectral/Engineering Infrared Wavelengths Sensor Counts
  • Spectral/Engineering Visible Wavelengths Sensor Counts

Ancillary Keywords

  • Backscatter
  • DAAC
  • EOSDIS
  • GLA02
  • GLAS
  • Global Positioning System
  • GPS
  • ICESat
  • ISIPS
  • Laser Return Energy
  • Lidar
  • Lidar Return Signal
  • NASA
  • NSIDC
  • Orbit Number
  • Precision Attitude Determination
  • Precision Orbit Determination

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • ICESAT Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite
  • SATELLITES

Instrument

  • ALTIMETERS
  • GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System
  • LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging

Project

  • ICESAT Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite

Quality

Browse products in PNG graphic format contain quality information; these are available along with corresponding data granules in the Data Pool or EOS Data Gateway.

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

NASA/GSFC/EOS/EO

Data Center

NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 671.61 MB
Distribution Format: Binary

Personnel

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

David Hancock
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: David.W.Hancock@nasa.gov
Contact Address:

  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • ISIPS Manager
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Wallops Flight Facility
  • Wallops Island, VA
  • USA

H. Jay Zwally
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 301 614-5643
Fax: 1 301 614-5644
Email: Jay.Zwally@nasa.gov
Contact Address:

  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes
  • Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Code 971

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

H. Jay Zwally
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 301 614-5643
Fax: 1 301 614-5644
Email: Jay.Zwally@nasa.gov
Contact Address:

  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes
  • Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Code 971

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

Robert Schutz
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • University of Texas at Austin
  • Center for Space Research
  • GLAS Science Team Lead
  • University of Texas at Austin
  • Center for Space Research

City: Austin
Province or State: TX
Postal Code: 78712-1085
Country: USA

Steve Palm
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Science Systems and Applications, Inc.
  • Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

City: Lanham
Province or State: MD

William Hart
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Science Systems and Applications, Inc.
  • Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

City: Lanham
Province or State: MD

Dennis Hlavka
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Science Systems and Applications, Inc.
  • Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

City: Lanham
Province or State: MD

James Spinhirne
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771

Ellsworth Welton
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
ICESat/GLAS Data at NSIDC

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
NASA Wallops ICESat/GLAS site

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Official ICESat site

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
University of Texas ICESat/GLAS site

Reference

Bae, S. and B.E. Schutz. 2002. Precision attitude determination (PAD). GLAS algorithm theoretical basis document. Version 2.2. Austin, TX: Center for Space Research, University of Texas at Austin.

Center for Space Research. 'ICESat/GLAS.' January 2002. http://www.csr.utexas.edu/glas/.

Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS). 1996. EOS Ground System (EGS) Systems and Operations Concept. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center.

GLAS Science Team. 2000. Mission Operations Requirement Document (MORD) for the Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) Mission. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center.

GLAS Science Team. 1997. GLAS Science Requirements. Version 2.01. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center.

Guzzi, R., ed. 2003. Exploring the atmosphere by remote sensing techniques. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Heroux, D. 2000. Progress report on GLAS interface effort with ECS NOSE. Rev. 29 December 2000. Landover, MD: Emergent-IT/Raytheon.

Herring, T.A. and K. Quinn. 1999. Atmospheric delay correction to GLAS laser altimeter ranges. GLAS algorithm theoretical basis document. Version 1.0. Lanham, MD: Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

Jester, P., and J. Lee. 2002. GLAS standard data products specification - level 1. Version 6.0. Wallops Island, VA: Raytheon ITSS.

Lee, J. 2002. GSAS user's guide: Version 4.0. Wallops Island, VA: Raytheon ITSS.

Palm, S., W. Hart, and D. Hlavka. 2002. GLAS atmospheric data products. GLAS algorithm theoretical basis document. Version 4.2. Lanham, MD: Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

Rim, H., and B. Schutz. 2002. Precision orbit determination. GLAS algorithm theoretical basis document. Version 2.2. Austin, TX: Center for Space Research, University of Texas at Austin.

Schutz, B. 2002. Laser footprint location (geolocation) and surface profiles.GLAS algorithm theoretical basis document. Version 3.0. Austin, TX: Center for Space Research, University of Texas at Austin.

Schutz, B. 2000. GLAS altimeter post-launch calibration/validation plan. Version 0.99. Austin, TX: Center for Space Research, University of Texas at Austin.

Stephens, G.L. 1994. Remote sensing of the lower atmosphere: an introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wahr, J., D. Wingham, and C. Bentley. 2000. A method of combining ICESat and GRACE satellite data to constrain Antarctic mass balance. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(B7):16,279-16,294.

Yi, D., J. Minster, and C. Bentley. 1999. Ocean tidal loading corrections. GLAS algorithm theoretical basis document. Version 1.0. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center.

Zwally, H.J., B. Schutz, D. Hancock, and A. Brenner. 2000. ICESat/GLAS Standard Data Products in HDF and SCF Formats. Version 1.2. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2011-08-11
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-06

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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