Entry_ID: GGD604
Entry_Title: Permafrost Map of Canada
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: J.
   Middle_Name: Alan
   Last_Name: Heginbottom
   Email: heginbottom@gsc.emr.ca
   Phone: 1 613 992-7813 
   Fax: 1 613  992-2468 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Natural Resources Canada
      Address: Terrain Science Division
      Address: 601 Booth Street
      City: Ottawa
      Province_or_State: Ontario
      Postal_Code: K1A 0E8
      Country: Canada
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Ground Ice
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
   Detailed_Variable: Permafrost Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Ground Ice
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
   Detailed_Variable: Permafrost Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Keyword: Canada
Keyword: Permafrost classifications
Keyword: Permafrost depth
Keyword: Permafrost regions
Keyword: Permafrost Temperature
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 50
   Northernmost_Latitude: 85
   Westernmost_Longitude: -142
   Easternmost_Longitude: -65
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: NORTH AMERICA
   Location_Subregion1: CANADA
   Detailed_Location: CANADA
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Format: Joint Photographic Expert Group (JPEG) (.jpg)
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Format: PDF
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Allard, M. and M.K. Seguin. 1987. Le pergélisol au Québec nordique: bilan et 
   perspectives. Géographie physique et Quaternaire 41(1): 141-152.

   Bostock, H.S. 1970. Physiographic Regions of Canada. Map 1254A. Scale 
   1:5,000,000. Energy Mines and Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada. 
   Ottawa, Canada.

    Brown, R.J.E. 1978. Permafrost/Pergélisol. Hydrological Atlas of Canada / 
   Atlas hydrologique du Canada. Plate 32. Scale 1:10,000,000. Fisheries and 
   Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

   Canada, National Research Council of Canada, Associate Committee on 
   Geotechnical Research, Permafrost Subcommittee. 1988. Glossary of Permafrost 
   and Related Ground-Ice Terms. Technical Memorandum No. 142. Ottawa, Canada.

   Harris, S.A. 1986. Permafrost distribution, zonation and stability along the 
   Eastern Ranges of the Cordillera of North America. Arctic 39(1): 29-38.

   Heginbottom, J.A. 1984. The Mapping of Permafrost. The Canadian Geographer / 
   Le Géographe canadien 28(1): 78-83.

   Heginbottom, J.A. and L.K. Radburn (comp). 1992. Permafrost and Ground Ice 
   Conditions of Northwestern Canada / Conditions rélatives au pergélisol et à la 
   glace de sol du nord-ouest du Canada. Map 1691A. Scale 1: 1,000,000. Energy, 
   Mines and Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

   Pelletier, B.R. (ed.). 1987. Marine Science Atlas of the Beaufort Sea: geology 
   and geophysics / Atlas des sciences marines de la mer de Beaufort : géologie 
   et géophysique. Miscellaneous Report 40. Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 
   Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. 

   Taylor, A.E., M.M. Burgess, A.S. Judge, and V.S. Allen. 1982. Canadian 
   Geothermal Data Collection - Norther Wills 1981 / Recueil des données 
   géothermiques canadiennes - puits dexploration dans le grand nord 1981. 
   Geothermal Series Number 13. Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, Geological 
   Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. 

   Young, S.E. and A.S. Judge. 1985. Ground Temperature Data Collection for 
   Northern Canada. Unpublished paper prepared for the McGill University Workshop 
   on Thermal Regimes in Northern Canada. Montreal, Canada.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This map depicts the distribution, characteristics, and boundaries of 
   permafrost and ground ice in Canada. Permafrost classification is based on the 
   proportion of land that is underlain by permafrost within a a given 
   area.Canada was divided into physiographic units, and each unit was classified 
   in terms of permafrost extent and ground ice content. The map shows mountain 
   permafrost as sporadic or isolated discontinuous permafrost, rather than as a 
   separate category. 

   This map can be found in the The National Atlas of Canada, 5th Edition 
   (1978-95) published by Natural Resources Canada.

   The map and descriptive information was taken from the National Atlas of 
   Canada website http://atlas.gc.ca. © 2002. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of 
   Canada with permission of Natural Resources Canada.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/gis/
   Description: GIS Data and Resources at NSIDC
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2003-05-06
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-09-19
DIF_Revision_History: added dist format