Entry_ID: G02195
Entry_Title: Arctic Landfast Sea Ice 1953-1998
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Konig Beatty, C. S. 
   Dataset_Title: Arctic Landfast Sea Ice 1953-1998
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2012-10-31
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02195.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5ZW1HV4
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Christof
   Middle_Name: S.
   Last_Name: Konig Beatty
   Email: Christof.KonigBeatty@uclouvain.be
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Universite Catholique de Louvain
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: landfast ice
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1953-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1998-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 55
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
End_Group
Group: Data_Resolution
   Latitude_Resolution: .2
   Longitude_Resolution: .2
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 233 - 668 MB
   Distribution_Format: NetCDF
End_Group
Group: Reference

   D. J. Acheson. 1990. Elementary Fluid Dynamics. Oxford Applied Mathematics and 
   Computing Science Series. Oxford University Press.

   Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Modeling and Scenarios Workshop, Stockholm, 
   Sweden, January 19-21 2001. ACIA.

   D. G. Barber and J. M. Hanesiak. 2004. Meteorological forcing of sea ice 
   concentrations in the southern Beaufort Sea over the period 1979 to 2000. 
   Journal of Geophysical Research, 109(C06014).

   I. Bratchie. 1984. Rheology of an ice-floe field. Annals of Glaciology 5: 23-28.

   K. Bryan, S. Manabe, and R. L. Pacanowski. 1975. A global ocean-atmosphere 
   climate model. Part II: The oceanic circulation. Journal of Physical 
   Oceanography 5: 30-46.

   W. J. Campbell. 1965. The wind-driven circulation of ice and water in a polar 
   ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 70: 3279-3301.

   MANICE - Manual of Standard Procedures for Observing and Reporting Ice 
   Conditions. 2002. Canadian Ice Service - Environment Canada, 373 Sussex Drive, 
   LaSalle Academy, Block 'E', Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3, ninth edition, April 2002.

   R. Colony and R. S. 1975. Pritchard. Integration of elastic-plastic 
   constitutive laws. AIDJEX Bulletin 30: 55-80.

   M. D. Coon. 1980. A review of AIDJEX modeling. In R. S. Pritchard, editor, Sea 
   ice processes and models. University of Washington Press: 12-25.

   M. D. Coon, G. A. Maykut, R. S. Pritchard, and D. A. Rothrock. 1974. Modeling 
   pack ice as an elastic-plastic material. AIDJEX Bulletin 24: 1-105.

   D. V. Divine, R. Korsnes, A. P. Makshtas, F. Godtliebsen, and H. Svendsen. 
   2005. Atmospheric-driven state transfer of shore-fast ice in the northeastern 
   Kara Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research 110(C09013).

   J. A. Dumas, G. M. Flato, and R. D. Brown. 2006. Future projections of 
   landfast ice thickness and duration in the Canadian Arctic. Journal of Climate 
   19: 5175-5189.

   D. R. Durran. 1999. Numerical methods for wave equations in geophysical fluid 
   dynamics, volume 32 of Texts in Applied Mathematics. Springer-Verlag New York.

   A. I. Felzenbaum. 1961. The theory of steady drift of ice and the calculation 
   of the long period mean drift in the central part of the Arctic Basin. 
   Problems of the North 2: 13-44.

   F. Fetterer and V. Troisi. 1997. AARI 10-day Arctic ocean EASE-grid sea ice 
   observations. Boulder, CO, USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital 
   media.

   F. Fetterer and V. Troisi. 1997. Data set documentation to AARI 10-day Arctic 
   ocean EASE-grid sea ice observations. 
   http://nsidc.org/data/docs/daac/nsidc0050_aari_ease_seaice.gd.html.

   G. M. Flato and W. D. Hibler. 1992. Modeling pack ice as a cavitating fluid. 
   Journal of Physical Oceanography 22: 626-651.

   J. N. Goodier and P. G. Hodge. 1958. Elasticity and Plasticity. Wiley. 

   J. M. N. T. Gray and Peter D. Killworth. 1995. Stability of the 
   viscous-plastic sea ice rheology. Journal of Physical Oceanography 25: 971-978.

   J. M. N. T. Gray and L. W. Morland. 1994. A two-dimensional model for the 
   dynamics of sea ice. Philosophical Transactions: Physical Sciences and 
   Engineering 347(1682): 219-290.

   W. D. Hibler. 1977. A viscous sea ice law as a stochastic average of 
   plasticity. J. Geophys. Res 82(27): 3932-3938.

   W. D. Hibler. 1979. A dynamic thermodynamic sea ice model. Journal of Physical 
   Oceanography 9: 815-846.

   W. D. Hibler. 1980. Modeling a variable thickness sea ice cover. Monthly 
   Weather Review, 108: 1943-1973.

   W. D. Hibler. 1986. Ice dynamics. In The Geophysics of Sea Ice 146 of NATO 
   ASI, Series B, Physics. Norbert Untersteiner, editor. Plenum Press, New York: 
   577-640. 

   W. D. Hibler and E. Schulson. 2000. On modeling anisotropic failure and flow 
   of flawed sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 17105-17120.

   D. M. Holland. 2006. A 1-d elastic-plastic sea-ice model solved with an 
   implicit Eulerian-Lagrangian method. Ocean Modelling, (accepted).

   E. C. Hunke and J. K. Dukowicz. 1997. An elastic-viscous-plastic model for sea 
   ice dynamics. Journal of Physical Oceanography 27: 1849-1867.

   C. F. Ip, W. D. Hibler, and G. M. Flato. 1991. On the effect of rheology on 
   seasonal sea-ice simulations. Annals of Glaciology 15: 17-25.

   O. M. Johannessen, M. Miles, and E. Bjorgo. 1995. The Arctic's shrinking sea 
   ice. Nature 376: 126-127.

   E. Kalnay et al. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of 
   the American Meteorological Society 77(3): 437-470.

   J. L. Lieser. 2004. A numerical model for short-term sea ice forecasting in 
   the Arctic. PhD thesis, University at Bremen.

   R. W. Macdonald, D. W. Paton, E. C. Carmack, and A. Omstedt. 1995. The 
   freshwater budget and under-ice spreading of Mackenzie river water in the 
   Canadian Beaufort Sea based on salinity and 18O/16O measurements in water and 
   ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 100(C1): 895-919.

   R. W. Macdonald, E. C. Carmack, and D. W. Paton. 1999. Using the delta 18O 
   composition in landfast ice as a record of Arctic estuarine processes. Marine 
   Chemistry 65: 3-24.

   S. Manabe, K. Bryan, and M. J. Spelman. 1979. A global ocean-atmosphere 
   climate model with seasonal variation for future studies of climate 
   sensitivity. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans 3: 393-426.

   M. G. McPhee. 1975. Ice-ocean momentum transfer for the AIDJEX ice model. 
   AIDJEX Bulletin 29: 93-111.

   J. M. Oberhuber. 1993. Simulation of the Atlantic circulation with a coupled 
   sea icemixed layer-isopycnal general circulation model. Part I: Model 
   description. Journal of Physical Oceanography 23(5): 808-829.

   C. L. Parkinson and W. M. Washington. 1979. A large-scale numerical model of 
   sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 84: 311-337.

   E. P. Popov. Mechanics of materials. 1952. Prentice-Hall., 1952. 

   S. J. Prinsenberg, A. Van der Baaren, G. A. Fowler, and I. K. Peterson. 1997. 
   Pack ice stress and convergence measurements by satellite-tracked ice beacons. 
   In OCEANS ’97. MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings 2: 1283-1289, 6-9 Oct 1997.

   R. S. Pritchard. 2001. Long-term sea ice dynamics simulations using an 
   elastic-plastic constitutive law. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(C12): 
   31333-31344.

   R. S. Pritchard. 1975. An elastic-plastic constitutive law for sea ice. 
   Journal of Applied Mechanics 42E: 379-384.

   D. A. Rothrock. 1975. The mechanical behavior of pack ice. Annual Review of 
   Earth and Planetary Sciences 3: 317-342.

   D. A. Rothrock, Y. Yu, and G. A. Maykut. 1999. Thinning of the Arctic sea-ice 
   cover. Geophysical Research Letters 26(23): 3469-3472.

   S. Rysgaard, T. G. Nielsen, and B. W. Hansen. 1999. Seasonal variation in 
   nutrients, pelagic primary production and grazing in a high-Arctic coastal 
   marine ecosystem, Young Sound, Northeast Greenland. Marine Ecology Progress 
   Series 179: 13-25.

   Colón Pablo Clemente-Colón

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The files in this data set contain landfast sea ice data (monthly means) 
   gathered from both Russian Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) and 
   Canadian Ice Service (CIS) sources.  Details on processing and treatment are 
   given in the contributor's PhD thesis (Konig 2007), provided through the PhD 
   Thesis link above.   The data are provided in netCDF format. 

   The time span over which data are available is split into 3 ranges: for 
   1953-1967 there are only AARI data, for 1968-1990 both AARI and CIS data are 
   available, and from 1991-1998 only CIS data are available. 

   There are a total of six files: two for the 1953-1967 data, two for the 
   1968-1990 data, and two for the 1991-1998 data. There are two files for each 
   range because the files with "_noNaN" in their names contain "-1000" as the 
   missing value, and the other files use "nan" as the missing value. Otherwise 
   the data in those files are identical. 

   AARI data were obtained from NSIDC data set AARI 10-Day Arctic Ocean EASE-Grid 
   Sea Ice Observations (Fetterer and Troisi, 1997) that was later replaced by 
   Sea Ice Charts of the Russian Arctic in Gridded Format, 1933-2006 (AARI, 2007).

   Fetterer, F., and V. Troisi. 1997. AARI 10-Day Arctic Ocean EASE-Grid Sea Ice 
   Observations. Boulder, CO, USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. 
   http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0050.html.

   Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 2007. Sea ice charts of the Russian 
   Arctic in gridded format, 1933-2006. Edited and compiled by V. Smolyanitsky, 
   V. Borodachev, A. Mahoney, F. Fetterer, and R. Barry. Boulder, Colorado USA: 
   National Snow and Ice Data Center. http://nsidc.org/data/g02176.html.

   Notice to Data Users: The documentation for this data set was provided solely 
   by the contributor and was not further developed, thoroughly reviewed, or 
   edited by NSIDC. Thus, support for this data set may be limited.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0050.html
   Description:  AARI 10-Day Arctic Ocean EASE-Grid Sea Ice Observations
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02176.html
   Description: Sea ice charts of the Russian Arctic in gridded format, 1933-2006
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2012-10-31
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2014-02-11
Group: DIF_Revision_History

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   author listed for the literature citation.

End_Group