IPA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory

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Identification Information:

Dataset Identifier:

G02190

Citation:

Citation Information:

Originator: International Permafrost Association (IPA)
Publication Date: 20100813
Title: IPA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/g02190.html
Online Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N57D2S25

Description:

Abstract:

During the planning and implementation of the International Polar Year (IPY) 2007 - 2009, the International Permafrost Association (IPA) coordinated the acquisition of permafrost temperature data under the Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Project #50. The TSP project goals included the acquisition of standardized temperature measurements (snapshots) from all permafrost regions on Earth, preparation of a global data set, and development of maps of contemporary permafrost temperatures. As a result of the project, networks of boreholes, equipped for long-term permafrost temperature observations, were established and consist of approximately 860 boreholes in both hemispheres with more than 25 participating countries. Approximately 350 of the boreholes were drilled and instrumented during the IPY period under various nationally funded projects. Comparison of the current Mean Annual Ground Temperature (MAGT) and historical data allows participating countries and other users to assess the thermal state of permafrost dynamics over the last several decades. The TSP project also included active layer measurements, many of which are observed annually under the Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) project. Future plans are for these networks to become part of an international network of permafrost observatories with data available for monitoring and multidisciplinary research in both polar and non-polar permafrost regions.

This data set consists of an inventory of these boreholes in two Excel spreadsheets — one by country (TSP_Borehole_inventory_countries.xls) and one as a composite (TSP_borehole_inventory_composite.xls) for ease in searching. The spreadsheets include the geographic coordinates of the boreholes, elevation, depth of borehole (BH), year drilled, the MAGT, permafrost (PF) thickness, country, responsible person, affiliation, and sponsors. A summary of the number and type of boreholes by country is provided in a PDF document (N_and_S_hemisphere_borehole_summary.pdf), and a high-resolution JPEG image of the borehole locations (TSP_BoreHoles_location_map_highres.jpg) is also included. The inventory lists boreholes in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres with 790 of the boreholes located in the Northern Hemisphere. The inventory primarily concentrates on measurements from new and existing boreholes from 2007 to 2009. For historical purposes, some boreholes active since the 1980s are included. Boreholes are classified as four different types: surface (SU) <10 m, shallow (SH) 10-25 m, intermediate (IB) 25-125 m, and deep (DB) >125 m according to the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTN-P) classification. For Antarctica, the surface boreholes are split into two subclasses: <SU (<2 m) and SU (2-10 m). The TSP is a field component of the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (www.gtnp.org).

Data from over 500 of these boreholes are presented and discussed in a series of papers in the special IPY - TSP issue of Permafrost and Periglacial Processes (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ppp.v21:2/issuetoc) that include five regional papers and one synthesis paper. The Data Contributors of this data set were senior authors of these papers. All other data contributors are listed under Personnel in the metadata record (http://nsidc.org/cgi-bin/get_metadata.pl?id=g02190) for this data set.

The TSP Snapshot Inventory was compiled and edited from individual sources by Alexander Kholodov, Permafrost Laboratory, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, and Jerry Brown, President (2003-2008), International Permafrost Association.

Purpose: scientific research

Time Period of Content:

Time Period Information:

Range of Dates/Times:

Beginning Date: 20070101
Ending Date: 20091231

Currentness Reference: publication date

Status:

Progress: Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency: Unknown

Spatial Domain:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

West Bounding Coordinate: -180°
East Bounding Coordinate: 180°
North Bounding Coordinate: 82.5°
South Bounding Coordinate: -78°

Keywords:

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Land Surface Frozen Ground Permafrost
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Land Surface Soils Permafrost
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
Theme Keyword: IPY INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
Theme Keyword: TSP The Thermal State of Permafrost

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Theme Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: None
Theme Keyword: Active Layer Thickness
Theme Keyword: Boreholes
Theme Keyword: Borehole Temperatures
Theme Keyword: Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM)
Theme Keyword: International Permafrost Association
Theme Keyword: IPA INTERNATIONAL PERMAFROST ASSOCIATION
Theme Keyword: Mean Annual Ground Temperature (MAGT)
Theme Keyword: Permafrost
Theme Keyword: Permafrost borehole temperatures
Theme Keyword: Permafrost temperature
Theme Keyword: Thermal State of Permafrost

Place:

Place Keyword Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
Place Keyword: Continent Antarctica
Place Keyword: Continent Asia Eastern Asia China
Place Keyword: Continent Asia Eastern Asia Japan
Place Keyword: Continent Asia Eastern Asia Mongolia
Place Keyword: Continent Asia Southcentral Asia Kazakhstan
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Eastern Europe Russia
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Northern Europe Iceland
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Northern Europe Scandanavia Finland
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Northern Europe Scandanavia Norway
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Northern Europe Scandanavia Sweden
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Southern Europe Italy
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Southern Europe Spain
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Western Europe Austria
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Western Europe Germany
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Western Europe Switzerland
Place Keyword: Continent North America Canada
Place Keyword: Continent North America Greenland
Place Keyword: Continent North America United States Of America
Place Keyword: Continent South America Argentina

Access Constraints:

None

Use Constraints:

Polar Information Commons CC0
To the extent possible under law, International Permafrost Association Standing Committee on Data Information and Communication has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to IPA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory, Version 1.0. International Permafrost Association Standing Committee on Data Information and Communication expects that users will follow the Polar Information Commons Ethics and Norms of Data Sharing. This work is published from United States.

Point of Contact:

Contact Information:

Contact Person Primary:

Contact Person: NSIDC User Services
Contact Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center

Contact Address:

Address Type: mailing
Address:
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State or Province: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 1 303 492-2468 x
Contact Electronic Mail Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

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Distribution Information:

Distributor:

Contact Information:

Contact Organization Primary:

Contact Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact Person: NSIDC User Services

Contact Address:

Address Type: mailing
Address:
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State or Province: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 1 303 492-2468
Contact Electronic Mail Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

Resource Description:

G02190

Distribution Liability:

NSIDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NSIDC makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Standard Order Process:

Digital Form:

Digital Transfer Information:

Format Name: Microsoft Excel

Digital Transfer Option:

Online Option:

Computer Contact Information:

Network Address:

Network Resource Name: Click here.

Fees: None

Standard Order Process:

Digital Form:

Digital Transfer Information:

Format Name: PDF

Digital Transfer Option:

Online Option:

Computer Contact Information:

Network Address:

Network Resource Name: Click here.

Fees: None

Standard Order Process:

Digital Form:

Digital Transfer Information:

Format Name: Joint Photographic Expert Group (JPEG) (.jpg)

Digital Transfer Option:

Online Option:

Computer Contact Information:

Network Address:

Network Resource Name: Click here.

Fees: None

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Metadata Reference Information:

Metadata Date:

20130312

Metadata Review Date:

20130312

Metadata Contact:

Contact Information:

Contact Person Primary:

Contact Person: NSIDC User Services
Contact Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center

Contact Address:

Address Type: mailing
Address:
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State or Province: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 1 303 492-2468
Contact Electronic Mail Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

Metadata Standard Name:

FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata

Metadata Standard Version:

FGDC-STD-012-2002

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Metadata Views

FGDC Text-Only

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) in plain text

FGDC XML

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata