Identification_Information:
   Dataset_Identifier: G02189

   Citation: 
      Citation_Information: 
         Originator: Zhang, T. Z. and O. W. Frauenfeld. 
         Publication_Date: 20110217
         Title: Soil Temperature Station Data from Permafrost Regions of Russia (Selection of Five Stations), 1880s - 2000
         Publication_Information: 
            Publication_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
            Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Online_Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/g02189.html
         Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5C24TC5

   Description: 
      Abstract:
         This data set includes soil temperature data from boreholes located at five 
         stations in Russia: Yakutsk, Verkhoyansk, Pokrovsk, Isit', and Churapcha. The 
         data have been compiled into five Microsoft Excel files, one for each station. 
         Each Excel file contains three worksheets:  

         There are two different versions of the Excel files: a complete version and a 
         subsetted version. Both versions exist for each of the five stations for a 
         total of 10 files. The complete versions of the files reside in the directory 
         called complete and have the word full in their filename. 
         These files contain borehole temperature data at all available standard 
         depths: 0.2 m, 0.4 m, 0.6 m, 0.8 m, 1.2 m, 1.6 m, 2.0 m, 2.4 m, and 3.2 m. The 
         subsetted versions of the files reside in the subset directory and 
         have subset in their filename. These files contain data from the 0.8 
         m and 3.2 m depths only. Missing data are indicated by the value 
         -999.0. The complete version is more applicable to scientific 
         investigation. The subset version is provided for K-12 teachers and is 
         featured in a classroom activity called "How 
         Permanent is Permafrost?"

         We have included air temperature measured at these five stations when it is 
         available. There are two sources for the surface air temperature data: NCAR World Monthly Surface 
         Station Climatology, 1738-cont and NOAA Global Historical Climatology 
         Network (GHCN) Monthly data set. These two sources both draw on the same 
         single original source: data from the World Meteorological 
         Organization (WMO) station network. The complete files have data from one 
         or both sources, while the subset files only include data from the source with 
         the most complete record. 

         These data are being offered as is. NOAA@NSIDC believes these data to be of 
         value but is unable to research and document these data as we do most data 
         sets we publish.

      Purpose: scientific research

   Time_Period_of_Content:
      Time_Period_Information:
         Range_of_Dates/Times:
            Beginning_Date: 18800101
            Ending_Date: 20001231
      Currentness_Reference: publication date

   Status:
      Progress: Complete
      Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Unknown

   Spatial_Domain:
      Bounding_Coordinates:
         West_Bounding_Coordinate: 125.3
         East_Bounding_Coordinate: 133.4
         North_Bounding_Coordinate: 67.6
         South_Bounding_Coordinate: 60.8

   Keywords:
      Theme:
         Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
         Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Permafrost
         Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Soil Temperature
         Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Permafrost
         Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Soil Temperature
         Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Land Temperature > Land Surface Temperature
      Theme:
         Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
         Theme_Keyword: 
      Theme:
         Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
         Theme_Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
      Theme:
         Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
         Theme_Keyword: Boreholes
         Theme_Keyword: Borehole Temperatures
         Theme_Keyword: International Permafrost Association
         Theme_Keyword: Land Surface Temperature
         Theme_Keyword: Permafrost
         Theme_Keyword: Permafrost borehole temperatures
         Theme_Keyword: Permafrost  temperature
         Theme_Keyword: Soil Temperature
      Place:
         Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
         Place_Keyword: Continent > Europe > Eastern Europe > Russia

   Access_Constraints: None

   Use_Constraints: None

   Point_of_Contact:
      Contact_Information:
         Contact_Person_Primary:
            Contact_Person: NSIDC User Services
            Contact_Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Contact_Address:
            Address_Type: mailing
            Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
            Address: University of Colorado
            City: Boulder
            State_or_Province: CO
            Postal_Code: 80309-0449
            Country: USA
         Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x
         Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 1 303  492-2468 x
         Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

Distribution_Information:
   Distributor:
      Contact_Information:
         Contact_Organization_Primary:
            Contact_Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center
            Contact_Person: NSIDC User Services
         Contact_Address:
            Address_Type: mailing
            Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
            Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
            Address: University of Colorado
            City: Boulder
            State_or_Province: CO
            Postal_Code: 80309-0449
            Country: USA
         Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 
         Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 1 303  492-2468 
         Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

   Resource_Description: G02189

   Distribution_Liability:
      NSIDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or 
      omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function 
      on a particular system. NSIDC makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor 
      does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

   Standard_Order_Process:
      Digital_Form:
         Digital_Transfer_Information:
            Format_Name: Microsoft Excel
         Digital_Transfer_Option:
            Online_Option:
               Computer_Contact_Information:
                  Network_Address:
                     Network_Resource_Name: ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/NOAA/G02189/
      Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
   Metadata_Date: 20130312

   Metadata_Review_Date: 20130312

   Metadata_Contact: 
      Contact_Information:
         Contact_Person_Primary:
            Contact_Person: NSIDC User Services
            Contact_Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Contact_Address:
            Address_Type: mailing
            Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
            Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
            Address: University of Colorado
            City: Boulder
            State_or_Province: CO
            Postal_Code: 80309-0449
            Country: USA
         Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 
         Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 1 303  492-2468 
         Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

   Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata

   Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-012-2002