Entry_ID: G02189
Entry_Title: Soil Temperature Station Data from Permafrost Regions of Russia (Selection of Five Stations), 1880s - 2000
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Zhang, T. Z. and O. W. Frauenfeld. 
   Dataset_Title: Soil Temperature Station Data from Permafrost Regions of Russia (Selection of Five Stations), 1880s - 2000
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2011-02-17
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02189.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5C24TC5
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Tingjun
   Middle_Name: Z
   Last_Name: Zhang
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2359 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Colorado
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
      Address: UCB449
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: Colorado
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Tingjun
   Middle_Name: Z
   Last_Name: Zhang
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2359 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Colorado
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
      Address: UCB449
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: Colorado
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Oliver
   Middle_Name: W.
   Last_Name: Frauenfeld
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Colorado
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
      Address: UCB 449
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Land Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Land Surface Temperature
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: Boreholes
Keyword: Borehole Temperatures
Keyword: International Permafrost Association
Keyword: Land Surface Temperature
Keyword: Permafrost
Keyword: Permafrost borehole temperatures
Keyword: Permafrost  temperature
Keyword: Soil Temperature
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1880-01-01
   Stop_Date: 2000-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 60.8
   Northernmost_Latitude: 67.6
   Westernmost_Longitude: 125.3
   Easternmost_Longitude: 133.4
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: EUROPE
   Location_Subregion1: EASTERN EUROPE
   Location_Subregion2: RUSSIA
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA @ NSIDC > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 660 KB
   Distribution_Format: Microsoft Excel
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Chudinova, S. M., O. W. Frauenfeld, R. G. Barry, T. Zhang, and V. A. 
   Sorokovikov. 2006. Relationship Between Air and Soil Temperature Trends and 
   Periodicities in the Permafrost Regions of Russia. Journal of Geophysical 
   Research 111, F02008. doi:10.1029/2005JF000342.

   Frauenfeld, O. W., T. Zhang, R. G. Barry, and D. Gilichinsky. 2004. 
   Interdecadal Changes in Seasonal Freeze and Thaw Depths in Russia. Journal of 
   Geophysical Research 109, D05101. doi:10.1029/2003JD004245.

   Gilichinsky, D. A., S .S. Bykhovets, V. A. Sorokovikov, D. G. Fedorov-Davydov, 
   R. G. Barry, T. Zhang, M. K. Gavrilova, O .I. Alexeeva. 2000. Use of the Data 
   of Hydrometeorological Survey for Century History of Soil Temperature Trends 
   in the Seasonally Frozen and Permafrost Areas of Russia, Kriosfera Zemli. The 
   Earth Cryosphere 4(3): 59-66.

   Gilichinsky, D. A., R. G. Barry, S. S. Bykhovets, V. A. Sorokovikov, T. Zhang, 
   S. L. Zudin, and D. G. Fedorov-Davydov. 1998. A Century of Temperature 
   Observations of Soil Climate: Methods of Analysis and Long-term Trends. 
   Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Yellowknife, 
   Canada, June 22-27, 1998, p. 313-317.

   Zhang, T., O. W. Frauenfeld, M. C. Serreze, A. Etringer, C. Oelke, J. 
   McCreight, R. G. Barry, D. Gilichinsky, D. Yang, H. Ye, F. Ling, and S. 
   Chudinova. 2005. Spatial and Temporal Variability of Active Layer Thickness 
   over the Russian Arctic Drainage Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research 110, 
   D16101. doi:10.1029/2004JD005642. 

   Zhang, T., Roger G. Barry, D. Gilichinsky, S. S. Bykhovets, V. A. Sorokovikov, 
   and Jingping Ye. 2001. An Amplified Signal of Climatic Change in Soil 
   Temperatures During the Last Century at Irkutsk, Russia. Climatic Change 
   49(1-2): 41-76.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This data set includes soil temperature data from boreholes located at five 
   stations in Russia: Yakutsk, Verkhoyansk, Pokrovsk, Isit', and Churapcha. The 
   data have been compiled into five Microsoft Excel files, one for each station. 
   Each Excel file contains three worksheets:  

   There are two different versions of the Excel files: a complete version and a 
   subsetted version. Both versions exist for each of the five stations for a 
   total of 10 files. The complete versions of the files reside in the directory 
   called complete and have the word full in their filename. 
   These files contain borehole temperature data at all available standard 
   depths: 0.2 m, 0.4 m, 0.6 m, 0.8 m, 1.2 m, 1.6 m, 2.0 m, 2.4 m, and 3.2 m. The 
   subsetted versions of the files reside in the subset directory and 
   have subset in their filename. These files contain data from the 0.8 
   m and 3.2 m depths only. Missing data are indicated by the value 
   -999.0. The complete version is more applicable to scientific 
   investigation. The subset version is provided for K-12 teachers and is 
   featured in a classroom activity called "How 
   Permanent is Permafrost?"

   We have included air temperature measured at these five stations when it is 
   available. There are two sources for the surface air temperature data: NCAR World Monthly Surface 
   Station Climatology, 1738-cont and NOAA Global Historical Climatology 
   Network (GHCN) Monthly data set. These two sources both draw on the same 
   single original source: data from the World Meteorological 
   Organization (WMO) station network. The complete files have data from one 
   or both sources, while the subset files only include data from the source with 
   the most complete record. 

   These data are being offered as is. NOAA@NSIDC believes these data to be of 
   value but is unable to research and document these data as we do most data 
   sets we publish.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/frozenground/classroom/permanent_permafrost.html
   Description: How Permanent is Permafrost?
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds570.0/
   Description: NCAR World Monthly Surface Station Climatology, 1738-cont
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ghcnm/
   Description: NOAA Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) Monthly
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html
   Description: World Meteorological Organization
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2011-02-17
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-03-12
DIF_Revision_History:  Added DOI to metadata record