Orsi, A. and U. Ryan. 2001. Locations of the various fronts in the Southern Ocean. Kingston, Tasmania Australia: Australian Antarctic Data Centre. Digital media. Accessed 28 September 2006.

Background: Moving southward from the Subtropical Front (STF) we find the Subantarctic Front (SAF), along which much of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) transport is carried. The SAF is defined as the latitude at which a subsurface salinity minimum or a thick layer of unstratified Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) first appears.