Orsi, A. and U. Ryan. 2001. Locations of the various fronts in the Southern Ocean. Kingston, Tasmania Australia: Australian Antarctic Data Centre. Digital media. Accessed 28 September 2006.
Background: Hydrographic observations were used in this study to improve our knowledge of large-scale aspects of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), a critical component of the global ocean circulation. The Polar Front is sometimes used to define the boundary of the Antarctic region; this front is in the middle of the ACC and serves as the dividing line between the very cold polar surface waters to the south and the warmer waters to the north. The Southern Ocean fronts are listed here from northernmost to southernmost.